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Siman 672 - The Lighting Time for the Chanukah Candles

 

"Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman

English Translation of the entire siman [besides ours (above)]: at ShulchanArach.com, at en.wikisource.org

Mishnah Berurah for the entire siman: at www.mishnaberura.com

 

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Siman 672, se'if 1

 

(a) What is the earliest time [within the evening] which is valid for the lighting of the Chanukah candle? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: One does not light Chanukah "candles" before sundown, but rather "with the end of [the sun's] setting" [i.e. this is what the Gemara's term "from sundown" means]. [On the other hand,] "there is someone who holds" that if one is [otherwise] occupied, he can light from "plag haMincha" [one and a quarter "hours" (i.e. twelfths of the daylight hours) before the time "when the stars come out" (Mishnah Berurah)] and onward, but he has to put in [enough] oil [to last] until "no foot remains" in the marketplace.

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 21b.]

 

(b) What is the correct time [within the evening] (i.e. initially) for the lighting of the Chanukah candle?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): The above-mentioned "sundown" - no later and no earlier.

 

 

Siman 672, se'if 2

 

(a) What is "the end of the basic time period" [set down in the Gemara] for the lighting of the Chanukah candle? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: [If] someone did not light as the sun comes down (by mistake or on purpose) - he continues [to have the Mitzvah] to light until "no foot remains" in the marketplace, which is about a half hour - for then the multitude is [still] passing to and fro and there is a publicizing of the miracle.

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 21b.]

 

(b) Does a Chanukah "candle" have to contain a large enough amount of oil [or other usable fuel] to remain lit until the above-mentioned "end of the time period"?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes, there must be enough for the Gemara's time specification. [See below (675:2) regarding whether this amount must be there already at the time of the lighting.]

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 21b.]

 

(c) Does anything become muttar after the above-mentioned "end of the time period of the Chanukah candle" passes?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: One can put [the candle] out after this time [period] has passed; and similarly, one can make use of its light after this time.

 

(d) Is the above-mentioned "end of the time period of the Chanukah candle" still in effect nowadays?

          The Rema writes: Some hold that nowadays, when "we light indoors" [see above 671:5(a)], it is not necessary to be careful to light before "no foot remains" in the marketplace; nevertheless, it is better to be careful nowadays as well.

          [Classic sources: See Tosafos to Shabbos 21b.]

 

(e) What is the "final" end of the time [i.e. the latest valid even bedieved] for the lighting of the Chanukah candle?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): The end of the entire night.

 

(f) What if someone missed the lighting of the Chanukah candle for one night? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): If the entire night passed and one [still] did not light, there is no [way of] compensation for this.

          The Rema elaborates: On the other nights, he will light like [all] other people, even though he did not light beforehand.