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Siman 675 - The Lighting Makes the Mitzvah (Not the Setting In Place)

 

"Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman

English Translation of the entire siman [besides ours (above)]: at ShulchanArach.com, at en.wikisource.org

Mishnah Berurah for the entire siman: at www.mishnaberura.com

 

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Siman 675, se'if 1

 

(a) Is it the act of lighting which "makes" the Chanukah candle (so at that time it must already be in an appropriate location [as set forth above 671:5]) or the "setting in place" (so that is what must be done for the sake of the Mitzvah)? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): The lighting makes the Mitzvah (in both the above respects).

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 22b-23a.]

 

(b) Can one move a Chanukah candle [from place to place] after lighting it, and [conversely] can one stand and hold it (i.e. not "setting it in place" at all)?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: One has to light it in the place where he is putting it, i.e. if he lit it indoors and [then] brought it out - he was not yotzei [his obligation], for someone who sees [this] says [i.e. thinks]: "It's for his [personal] needs that he is lighting it." Similarly, if he lights it and holds it in his hand in its place - he was not yotzei [his obligation], for someone who sees [this] says [i.e. thinks]: "It's for his [personal] needs that he is holding it."

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 22b.]

 

 

Siman 675, se'if 2

 

Does a Chanukah "candle" have to already have the required amount of oil or other fuel [see above 672:2(b)] at the time of the lighting? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: "There is someone who holds" that since "the lighting makes the Mitzvah," one needs to put oil in the "candle" according to the [above-mentioned] specification before lighting; [whereas] if he said the bracha and lit and afterwards he added oil [reaching] up to the specification - he was not yotzei his obligation.

          The Mishnah Berurah writes: So [in the latter case] one must put out the "candle", see to it that it does have the [required] specification of "oil", and light it again - [but] without the bracha.

 

 

Siman 675, se'if 3

 

(a) What is the Halacha regarding a woman lighting a Chanukah candle? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): A woman does light a Chanukah "candle" [i.e. even on behalf of others (Sha'ar HaTziyun)], for she too is obligated in [the Mitzvah].

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 23a.]

 

(b) What is the Halacha regarding someone who is of unsound mind (or deaf) lighting a Chanukah candle?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Such an act can have no significance (in terms of the Mitzvah) - regardless of who does the "setting in place".

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 23a.]

 

(c) Is a minor like the above-mentioned "someone who is deaf or of unsound mind" regarding the Chanukah candle?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes, but "there is someone who holds" [that] in the case of a minor who reached [the stage of] "training" it is muttar [i.e. for him to be the one who lights (i.e. even for the sake of an adult - for regarding his own obligation see below 677:2)].

          The Rema writes: [On the other hand,] for us [i.e. the Ashkenazi minhag] that every member of the household lights separately [as explained above 671:2], [consequently] a minor who reached [the stage of] "training" has to light as well [i.e. because this is "for himself", even if he cannot light for others (Mishnah Berurah)].

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 23a (and see Megillah 19b-20a with Tosafos).]