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The Halachos of Chanukah back to the "Chanukah" page

Siman 677 - The Halachos of a "Guest" concerning Chanukah Candles

 

"Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman

English Translation of the entire siman [besides ours (above)]: at ShulchanArach.com, at en.wikisource.org

 

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Siman 677, se'if 1

 

(a) In what way does whether a guest has an obligation to participate (in the local Chanukah candle lighting) depend on whether he is married (i.e. so it is done for him at home)? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: [Only] a guest for whom others are not lighting "at home" has to [participate locally].

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 23a.]

 

(b) When a guest has an obligation to participate in the local Chanukah candle lighting, how is that done?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: [He] has to give a "perutah" [i.e. the value of pure silver with the weight of a half a grain of barley (Shulchan Aruch E.H. 27:10)] to the householder [who is "hosting" him] to join [in partnership] with him in the oil [or other fuel] of the Chanukah "candle".

          [Classic sources: See Shabbos 23a.]

 

(c) In what way does our issue (whether or not the obligation of a guest is to participate in the local Chanukah candle lighting) depend on whether he has "his own place"?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: If he has an open entrance of his own - [then] he has to light by his entrance, even if that "house" is only set aside [for him] for sleeping (and he eats at the table of the householder [who is "hosting" him]), and the same goes for a son who is eating by his father.

          The Rema writes: [However,] some hold that nowadays - when we light totally indoors [see above 671:5] - [a guest] lights [only] in the place where he eats, and that is [in fact] the [Ashkenazi] minhag.

 

 

Siman 677, se'if 2

 

Does a minor who has reached [the stage of] "training" light a Chanukah candle? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes.

          The Mishnah Berurah explains: This refers to lighting "for himself", i.e. in a residence of his own. Regarding a minor lighting for others, see above 675:3. Also, note that according to the Rema (ibid.) [i.e the Ashkenazi minhag], a minor who has reached [the stage of] "training" always lights "for himself" (i.e. even in one house that he lives in together with his parents).

 

 

Siman 677, se'if 3

 

By what reasoning might a "guest" have a Mitzvah to have his own Chanukah candle even if he is married (i.e. so the lighting at home could suffice "for him")? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: Some hold that if he is in a place where there are no Jews, [then] he lights with brachos.

          The Rema elaborates (and adds): [The reasoning is] because he is obligated to see the "candles"; and this is [in fact] the minhag. [Furthermore,] even if he is among Jews and sees the "candles" - [there is still a basis for saying that] if he wants to be stringent with himself and to light on his own, [then] he may light [his own "candles"] and say the bracha over them, and that [too] is [in fact] the minhag.

          [Note: See also what the Shulchan Aruch writes unreservedly (above 676:3) which seems to contradict what the Shulchan Aruch and Rema wrote over here about "when others light for him at home".]

 

 

Siman 677, se'if 4

 

(a) What should be done with the oil [or whatever fuel] remaining after its being used for a Chanukah candle? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: That which is left over on the eighth day - of the oil needed for the specified amount of burning [time] - one makes a significant fire for it and burns it by itself, for it was set aside for its Mitzvah.

          [Classic sources: Midrash (Tanchuma to Naso {chapter 29} and Pesikta Rabasi {beginning of section 3}).]

 

(b) What can be done with a mixture of the above (i.e. oil [or other liquid fuel] remaining from Chanukah "candle" use) together with regular oil [etc.]?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): [If the "muttar" fuel] falls short of [the] sixty [times as much as the "assur" needed] to cause it to become "batel" [i.e. "nullified" or "cancelled"], [then] "there is someone who holds" that one may not add [more "muttar" fuel] to [the mixture] in order to cause [the "assur" fuel] to become "batel".

The Mishnah Berurah explains that the weak language used here ("there is someone who holds") is hinting to the fact that there is a differing position, whose position the Shulchan Aruch itself (in Yoreh Dei'ah 99:6) codifies as being the Halacha.

          [Note: Compare with 673:1(f) above, which concerns a similar solid candle mixture.]