THE SHULCHAN ARUCH DIRECTORY (under construction)

 

The Halachos of Chanukah back to the "Chanukah" page

Siman 684 - The Order of the Torah Reading on Chanukah

 

"Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman

English Translation of the entire siman [besides ours (above)]: at ShulchanArach.com, at en.wikisource.org

 

NOTE: This is a temporary page. We apologize for the lack of proper "design".

 

 

Siman 684, se'if 1

 

(a) What is the basic Torah reading of Chanukah? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: We read from [the section on] the offerings of the princes, which is in the parsha of "Naso", three aliyahs on each day [i.e. when it is not Shabbos or Rosh Chodesh, which are discussed below].

          [Classic sources: Megillah 30b (and see ibid. 21a and 22a).]

 

(b) What is the content of the Torah reading for the first day of Chanukah?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: We begin with the bracha of the kohanim [i.e. we add an "introduction" to "the prince of the day" (Bamidbar 7:12-17) and it begins from 6:22].

          The Rema writes: [However,] some hold that we begin [with] "on the day that Moshe completed" [i.e. 7:1], and that is [in fact] our [Ashkenazi] minhag.

 

(c) What is the order for the Torah reading of the first day of Chanukah [when it falls on a weekday - for Shabbos see below]?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: One reads "this" [i.e. the above-mentioned "introduction"] for the kohen and levi, and the [ordinary] "yisrael" reads "on the first day" [etc. (i.e. "the prince of the day" - ibid. 7:12-17)].

          The Rema writes: [However,] some hold that the kohen reads the entire [introductory] "parsha" - until [just before the pasuk] "on the first day", and the levi and the [ordinary] "yisrael" read "on the first day" [etc.], and that is [in fact] "the [Ashkenazi] minhag."

 

(d) What is the general order for the Torah reading of Chanukah [i.e. the remaining readings done on a weekday - whereas regarding Shabbos and Rosh Chodesh see below]?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: On the second day, the kohen reads "On the second day" - until "one bull - a child of the cattle", and the levi - until "On the third day", and the [ordinary] "yisrael" goes back and reads [again] "On the second day", and [the readings continue] with this pattern, for each [subsequent] day.

          The Rema writes: [However,] some hold that the [ordinary] "yisrael" reads from [the mini-section of] the day afterwards, i.e. "On the third day", and so on for each [subsequent] day; and that is [indeed] "the [Ashkenazi] minhag."

          [Classic sources: "Tractate Sofrim" (20:11).]

 

(e) What is the content of the Torah reading for the eighth day of Chanukah? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: On the eighth day, we begin [with] "On the eighth day", and we complete the entire parsha [of Naso], and we [also] read the first [i.e. mini-section] "parsha" of "Beha'alosecha".

          The Rema elaborates: "The minhag" is to conclude: "so he made the Menorah" [i.e. Bamidbar 8:4].

          [Classic sources: "Tractate Sofrim" 20:10, and the Midrash (Tanchuma Beha'alosecha 5).]

 

 

Siman 684, se'if 2

 

(a) What is the order of the Torah reading on a normal Shabbos Chanukah [i.e. when it is not Rosh Chodesh, for if it is - see below 3(a)]? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: "Two scrolls" [i.e. two Sifrei Torah] are taken out; from the first, the parsha of the week is read; and from the second, [the material] for Chanukah is read.

          [Classic sources: See source of 3(a) below.]

 

(b) What is the "haftarah" reading of a normal Shabbos Chanukah [i.e. because when it is Rosh Chodesh see below 3(b)]?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: [The passage beginning with] "Exult and be happy" ["Rani VeSimchi"] (Zechariah 2:14) is read; and if two Shabbosim fall out within [Chanukah], [then] on the second [Shabbos], [the passage containing] "the 'candles' of Shlomo", in [the book of] Melachim [i.e. I 7:49], which tells of "menorahs" which Shlomo made.], is read as the "haftarah".

          The Rema adds: If a wedding falls out [adjacent to] this Shabbos, [nevertheless] the [passage] of Chanukah [is read].

          [Classic sources: Megillah 31a. (Regarding when there is a groom, see O.C. 425:2.)]

 

 

Siman 684, se'if 3

 

(a) What is the order of the Torah reading for the Rosh Chodesh which falls during Chanukah, if it is also Shabbos? ["Halacha Sources" presentation of this entire siman]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: "Two scrolls" [i.e. two Sifrei Torah] are taken out, and [in the first Sefer Torah] six [aliyah honorees] read from the weekly parsha; and in the second [Sefer Torah] one [aliyah honoree] reads from [the material] of Rosh Chodesh - and he begins [with] "And on the Shabbos day"; and in the third [Sefer Torah] - the "maftir" reads from [the material] of Chanukah.

          [Classic sources: Megillah 29b.]

 

(b) What is the "haftarah" reading when Rosh Chodesh falls on Shabbos Chanukah?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: [It is the passage beginning with] "Exult and be happy" ["Rani VeSimchi"].

          [Classic sources: Tosafos (ibid.).]

 

(c) What should the order of the Torah reading be (initially), if the Rosh Chodesh which falls during Chanukah is a weekday?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: "Two scrolls" [i.e. two Sifrei Torah] are taken out, and in the one [Sefer Torah] three [aliyah honorees] read from [the material] of Rosh Chodesh, and in the second [Sefer Torah] one [aliyah honoree] reads from [the material] of Chanukah.

          [Classic sources: Megillah 29b.]

 

(d) What should be done, bedieved, if the above-mentioned order of the Torah reading for a weekday Chanukah Rosh Chodesh was not followed?

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: (1) If the "chazzan" [i.e. the reader] mistakenly read four aliyahs from [the material] of Rosh Chodesh, [then] if a second "scroll" [i.e. Sefer Torah] had not been taken out, it is not necessary to read [the Chanukah material any] more, but if [in fact] a second "scroll" [i.e. Sefer Torah] was taken out, [then] out of [concern for] its [reputation's] "tainting" it is necessary for a fifth [aliyah honoree] to read from [the material] of Chanukah.

          The Rema writes: (2) [On the other hand,] if one mistakenly began to read from [the material] of Chanukah, [then] he has to stop [and] to read from [the material] of Rosh Chodesh; and [as for] whether he has to say a [new] bracha on the Rosh Chodesh reading - see above [in O.C.] siman 140.

          [Classic sources: Tosafos to Megillah 23a.]