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The Halachos of Shabbos (Night) back to the "Shabbos Night" page

Siman 268 - The Halacha Regarding One Who Errs in the Prayer [Service] of Shabbos

 

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch material for the siman: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3

More material regarding some of the siman: Rav Bazak and Parsha.net on Vayechulu, Rav Mansour on se'ifim 2-3

 

NOTE: This is a temporary page. We apologize for the lack of proper "design".

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 1

 

Is the Torah section "Vayechulu" [i.e. beginning B'reishis 2:1] recited as part of the "Amidah" in the evening prayer service of Shabbos? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes.

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 119b (points3a-a1).]

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 2

 

(a) What if by mistake one found himself saying a weekday bracha in the middle of the "Amidah" of the evening prayer service of Shabbos? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): One should finish that bracha (whether it is "Attah Chonein" ["You grant insight"] or another) and begin the [middle-bracha] of Shabbos.

          [Classic sources: Berachos 21a (points2j-k).]

 

(b) Does the same apply if by mistake one found himself saying a weekday bracha in the middle of the "Amidah" of some other prayer service of Shabbos (i.e. even Mussaf)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes; however, some hold that in Mussaf one should stop even in the middle of the bracha.

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 3

 

What if, upon reaching the middle bracha of the "Amidah" of the Shabbos prayer service, one said the word "attah" (by mistake or slip of the tongue)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): If he did so because he thought it was a weekday - and he did not yet say "chonein" [i.e. the next word (which is said only on a weekday)] - this is considered "starting [a bracha] of a weekday" and he should finish that bracha [as in the previous se'if]. Conversely, if he knew it was Shabbos and said the word "attah" without intent, then he does not complete the bracha of "attah chonein" - even in the Shacharis prayer service when this bracha does not begin with "attah" - because [even then] he is considered [merely] as one who confused one Shabbos service with another [below 6a].

          The Rema clarifies this last point: For after all, one can [still build on the "attah" and] say "Attah kidashta" [i.e. the opening of Shabbos Ma'ariv] or "Attah echad" [i.e. from Mincha].

          [Classic sources: Berachos 12a with Tosafos and Rosh (the difference between lack of intent and incorrect intent).]

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 4

 

(a) If by mistake one said the weekday version of the "Amidah" prayer on Shabbos, was he yotzei his obligation? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): No. [See the next se'if regarding what to do].

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 24a (point1h1) (on days with a Mussaf offering, "mentioning the occasion" is crucial).]

 

(b) What wording is crucial to being yotzei one's obligation in the Shabbos "Amidah" prayer (even if he said the weekday version except for this)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes: If one mentioned Shabbos in the Shemoneh Esray, even if he did not designate a bracha for Shabbos, he was yotzei [his obligation].

          The Rema adds: In Mussaf, even if he merely said "and we shall perform before You our obligations with continual daily and Mussaf offerings," he was yotzei [his obligation].

          [Classic sources: see previous question.]

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 5

 

If by mistake one said the weekday version of the "Amidah" on Shabbos, must he repeat the entire prayer? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Only if he "uprooted" his feet (for otherwise - even if he finished the prayer - he merely "goes back" to [the proper place to begin the "mention"] of Shabbos); and this is even if he omitted mention of Shabbos [to the point where one is not yotzei his obligation - see the previous seif].

          [Note (from the "Rema"): Regarding if the "chazzan" forgot [the proper "mentioning"] of Shabbos, see siman 126.]

          [Additional note: See se'if 13 regarding being yotzei through the "bracha derived from seven" supplement.]

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 6

 

What if one were to substitute one "Amidah" prayer of Shabbos for another (by mistake)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): He does not repeat the prayer; but some hold that if one of the two is Mussaf then he does have to repeat his prayer.

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 7

 

Does the congregation repeat "Vayechulu" as a supplement to the evening prayer service of Shabbos? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes (out loud and standing), because of [the case of a] Yom Tov which falls on Shabbos (when it is not said in the "Amidah"), and in order to "cause those who do not know [how to say it] to be yotzei" their obligation.

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 8

 

(a) Is a kind of "repetition of the chazzan" (a "bracha derived from seven") said as a supplement to the evening prayer service of Shabbos? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes.

          [Classic sources: see Shabbos 24b (points1p-q).]

 

(b) Is this "bracha derived from seven" [also] said (as a supplement to the evening prayer service of Shabbos) individually? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): No.

          The Rema writes (put simply): However, if an individually wants to he may say it - without its [bracha] "opening" and "closing" - as a stringency, and indeed the minhag is that the congregation says this, "with" the "chazzan".

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 9

 

Does the wording of this "bracha derived from seven" (said as a supplement to the evening prayer service of Shabbos) [i.e. "keil elyon konay" etc.] change if it is also a festival? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): No.

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 24b (points1p-q).]

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 10

 

Is this "bracha derived from seven" said (as a supplement to the evening prayer service of Shabbos) [when praying] in the home (of a mourner or [one of the feasts of] a groom)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): No, because this lacks the reason (that those who run late might be harmed).

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 11

 

On a Shabbos evening which is after a festival, is this "bracha derived from seven" said (as a supplement to the prayer service)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes.

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 12

 

At the evening prayer of Shabbos, may one speak while either supplement (i.e. "Vayechulu" or the "derived bracha") is being said? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): No.

 

 

Siman 268, se'if 13

 

Can one be yotzei his obligation in the "Amidah" prayer of Shabbos evening by hearing the "bracha derived from seven" supplement from the "chazzan", from beginning to end? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes, if he did not say the "Amidah" at all, or if he said the weekday version without "mentioning" Shabbos, and he heard the "derived bracha", he was yotzei.