THE SHULCHAN ARUCH DIRECTORY (under construction)

 

The Halachos of Shabbos (Night) back to the "Shabbos Night" page

Siman 274 - The Halachos of "Breaking Bread" on Shabbos

 

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch material for the siman: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3

Material from Rav Ostroff concerning this siman: Year 4 - Parshas Kedoshim

 

NOTE: This is a temporary page. We apologize for the lack of proper "design".

 

 

Siman 274, se'if 1

 

(a) Should one "break bread" for the Shabbos meal by having two loaves (in his hands)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes.

          The Rema writes (put simply): They should be whole.

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 117b (point4b) and Berachos 39b (point3j).]

 

(b) Should one divide only one of these loaves of bread (when starting the Shabbos meal)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes.

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 117b (point4c).]

 

(c) Which loaf of bread is the primary one to divide (when starting the Shabbos meal)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): The lower one.

          The Rema writes (put simply): That is only for the evening of Shabbos (whereas during its day - or on a festival even at night - one divides the upper one). The reason is mystical.

          [Classic sources: See Yoma 33a (point2d1).]

 

 

Siman 274, se'if 2

 

On Shabbos, should one divide off a piece of bread large enough to suffice for his entire meal? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): It is a Mitzvah.

          [Classic sources: Shabbos 117b (points4d-f).]

 

 

Siman 274, se'if 3

 

On Shabbos, when may the others gathered at the meal to taste bread before the leader [who said the bracha for them] does so (as opposed to the general rule regarding brachos said over food)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Only if they each have two loaves of bread before them [i.e. from the outset].

          [Classic sources: See Berachos 47a (points1c-f) (discussed more completely - including this application - in O.C. 167:15).]

 

 

Siman 274, se'if 4

 

Is bread absolutely required for the Shabbos evening meal (and the [primary] one held during the day)? [Request "Halacha Sources" discussion]

          The Shulchan Aruch writes (put simply): Yes.

          [Classic sources: See Berachos 49b (points3p-q1), as applied by Tosafos to Pesachim 101a.]